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Eventlist

Event 

Open Seminar: De-Ottomanization of Istanbul after 1923: Istanbul Minorities and the Turkification of
Title:
Open Seminar: De-Ottomanization of Istanbul after 1923: Istanbul Minorities and the Turkification of
When:
07.06.2018 19.00 h
Where:
Greek Centre Melbourne (Mezzanine) - Melbourne
Category:
Education

Description

Presenter: Assoc Prof Chris Houston

Entry: FREE

Synopsis

In 1923 Istanbul was a city possessing a history and symbolism that did not easily harmonize with the new political reality emerging in Ankara. An imperial and cosmopolitan port city and a centre of commerce, consumption and production, its built environment reflected both 19th century Ottoman modernization and European economic influence. Although population numbers are not exact, estimates put the non-Muslim population of Istanbul in 1923 at somewhere between 35 and 40%, including local Greeks, Armenians, and Jews. By 1964, however, the numbers of non-Muslims in the city had catastrophically diminished. What happened?

In this talk I trace out 4 political acts that led to the collapse of the Ottoman Greek 'world' in Istanbul, each connected to the unrelenting ethnic nationalism of the new citizenship and economic regime pursued in Turkey in both the singly-party and multi-party period, and expressed through a number of discriminatory laws directed at both non-Turks and non-Muslims. Briefly, these included forced conscription in 1941 of all non-Muslim men in Turkey;  the Government’s levying of an extraordinary wealth or capital tax (Varlik Vergisi) in 1942; the State-sponsored pogrom organized against Greek properties, churches and schools on 6th & 7th September 1955; and the the 1964 deportation of Greek citizens. Despite the contemporary existence of a widespread nostalgia in Istanbul for an earlier pre-migration time in which people of different faiths lived together in a neighbourly fashion, a silence about the intentionality of acts that violated the rights of minorities serves to deflect “memory of the inclusive nation that could have or should have been” (Mills 2010: 110).


Bio

Associate Professor Christopher Houston teaches in the Department of Anthropology at Macquarie University, Sydney. He is author of numerous articles and books on Turkish politics, including Kurdistan: Crafting of National Selves. (Indiana University Press. Bloomington 2008) and Islam, Kurds and the Turkish Nation-State (Berg, Oxford. 2001). His current research interest is on the recent political history of Istanbul, particularly of the years before and after the 1980 military coup.


Sponsors

We'd like to thank the following donor: In mem. of M and G Asproftas.

During the course of the year considerable expenses are incurred in staging the seminars. In order to mitigate these costs individuals or organisations are invited to donate against a lecture of their choice.

You too can donate for one or more seminars and (optionally) let your name or brand be known as a patron of culture to our members, visitors and followers, as well as the broader artistic and cultural community of Melbourne.  Please email:  This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  or call 03 9662 2722.

We also like to thank the following corporate sponsors for their support:

2018 seminars sponsors

Venue

Venue:
Greek Centre Melbourne (Mezzanine)   -   Website
Street:
168 Lonsdale Street
Postcode:
3000
Suburb:
Melbourne
State:
VIC
Country:
Country: au

The Mezzanine floor (press "M" in the elevator) of Greek Centre Melbourne - located at the corner of Lonsdale and Russell streets in Melbourne, Australia.

Alphington Grammar Koinotika Nea - the Greek Community newsletter Requirements for Greek Citizenship

 

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